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Medical Laboratory Science

This guide provides information on resources in the Medical Laboratory Science area.

Subject Specific Citation Styles

This page lists resources for citing using APA style. If your instructor would like you to use another citation style (such as MLA, Chicago, or McGill) please see our general Citation Research Guide linked below:  

APA Style Manual

Please visit the Library to find a physical copy of the most recent edition of the official APA style manual.

Recommended Resources

The following websites show you how to cite many different types of resources using APA style:

Citing Indigenous Resources

For citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers, see the APA templates below.

Reference List:

Last name, First initial. Nation/Community. Treaty Territory if applicable. Where they live if applicable. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. personal communication. Month Date, Year.


Cardinal, D. Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. personal communication. April 4, 2004.

In-Text Citation:

The in-text citation should follow the same guidelines noted for a paraphrase or direct quote.

Name of Elder/Knowledge Keeper with year of communication.


Delores Cardinal described the nature of the... (2018).

The nature of the place was... (Cardinal, 2018).


Templates taken from:

MacLeod, L. (2021). More Than Personal Communication: Templates For Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies5(1), 1-5.

Norquest College Library. (2022, February 8). APA 7th edition: In-text citations.

Citation Management Tools

Citation management tools help you organize and keep track of your sources, as well as assist in creating your bibliography or works cited list. Click on the links below to find out more about these commonly used citation management tools:

Need more help?

For help writing your assignments, including citing and formatting using APA style, book an appointment with a writing specialist through the Student Life Portal.

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