The Library offers a tiered support model for students and faculty working on systematic reviews, scoping reviews, and other types of knowledge syntheses.
We are able to provide up to 2 consultations total (2 hours) to each student or faculty member. Consultations are provided on a first come, first served basis and are subject to librarian availability at the time of the request.
For more information on what services the Library can provide to students and faculty working on knowledge synthesis projects and what is required of you before your first appointment, please read the Knowledge Synthesis Support Guideline (linked below) before booking an appointment.
“A systematic review attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a given research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit methods aimed at minimizing bias, in order to produce more reliable findings that can be used to inform decision making.”
- Cochrane Library
Systematic reviews should be done:
Time: The length of time needed to complete a systematic review ranges from 6 months to 2 years, with an average mean project length of 67.3 weeks or over a year (Khangura et al., 2012; Borah et al., 2017)
Teamwork: A systematic review cannot be done alone. Results must be screened and appraised by a minimum of two reviewers, ideally with a third available to settle any disagreements.
Tools: Access to a citation management tool with sharing capabilities (i.e. EndNote).
Systematic reviews require a lot of time and effort to complete; a reasonable time frame is rarely under one year. The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions suggests the following timeline to complete a Cochrane Review:
|1 - 2||Preparation of protocol|
|3 - 8||Searches for published & unpublished studies|
|2 - 3||Pilot test of eligibility criteria|
|3 - 8||Inclusion assessments|
|3||Pilot test of 'Risk of bias' assessment|
|3 - 10||Validity assessments|
|3||Pilot test of data collection|
|3 - 10||Data collection|
|3 - 10||Data entry|
|5 - 11||Follow up of missing information|
|8 - 10||Analysis|
|1 - 11||Preparation of review report|
|12 -||Keeping the review up to date|