Research data management is a general term covering how you organize, structure, store, and care for the information used or generated during a research project. It includes:
Source: "What is RDM?" by the University of Oxford.
A strong Data Management Plan (DMP) will address all sections of the research data lifecycle:
Source: Jisc. (n.d.). Research Data Lifecycle. Research Data Management Toolkit. Retrieved January 29, 2021, from https://rdmtoolkit.jisc.ac.uk/research-data-lifecycle/
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In 2016, the Tri-Agencies (CIHR, NSERC & SSHRC) announced that all institutions receiving funding would be required to have an institutional strategy and each funded project would need to have a data management plan.
After a consultation with stakeholders and research institutions, in March 2021 they released their policy. There are 3 key parts to the policy:
At its core, RDM is viewed by funding agencies as a mechanism to enhance research excellence. It is important to note the data deposit requirement does not mean the data needs to be open access.
Many academic journals and publishers are now asking for data to be shared as part of the peer-review and publication process - an example of such policies can be found here: Data Sharing Policy for Wiley.